The Shakespeare sonnet that begins ‘When forty winters shall besiege thy brow’ is sonnet 2 of 154, and the second in a series of ‘Procreation Sonnets’. and any corresponding bookmarks? It could be interpreted in terms of seduction, appraisal, veiled threat. A summary of Part X (Section9) in William Shakespeare's Shakespeare’s Sonnets. If they were they would tend to plod along to a hidden robotic metronome and never veer off course. Sonnet 116: ‘Let me not to the marriage of true minds’, which is easily one of the most recognised of his poetry, particularly the first several lines.In total, it is believed that Shakespeare wrote 154 sonnets, in addition to the thirty-seven plays that are also attributed to him. Sonnet #2 is a typical Shakespearean sonnet, 14 lines long, made up of three quatrains and a final couplet with the 'turn' or conclusion. (trochee + iamb + pyrrhic + 2 iambs), And see / thy blood / warm when / thou feel'st / it cold. Summary. To refrain from marriage makes the youth guilty of narcissism and of cruelty to future generations. Analysis of Sonnet 2. They support the idea that Shakespeare was a poet for all and the sonnets are universal in nature, not based on his sexuality, more on his humanity. This time, however, the youth's narcissism is both physical and emotional. Analysis This is Sonnet II of Donne’s “Holy Sonnets”. About “Sonnet 2” The theme of this Sonnet continues the urging to procreation found in Sonnet 1. The use of a conceit, an Elizabethan poetic technique using metaphor, is clear. Shakespeare stresses that this beauty will not last, and that it is selfish and foolish for him not to prepare for the loss of his beauty and youth. William Shakespeare left no letter, no manuscript, no clues as to who this individual might have been. This sonnet has a rhyme scheme of ababcdcdefefgg with all but one of the rhymes being full: Many online sites glibly state that all of Shakespeare's sonnets are written in iambic pentameter and, whilst it is true that most lines in the sonnets are dominated by the iambic foot, not all lines are in pure iambic pentameter, far from it. This process naturally throws up points that need some kind of note, like the Muscovite. A critical reading of a Shakespeare sonnet. That stressed spondaic emphasis on dig deep trenches really hits home, and the imagery of a worthless weed, planted in an alliterative fourth line, is striking. (3 iambs + pyrrhic + spondee). Sonnet 2 Analysis. In this sonnet, the poet is giving almost fatherly advice to the fair youth. Other lines with metrical variation include: To say / within / thine own / deep-sunk / en eyes (3 iambs + spondee + iamb), Were an / all-eat / ing shame / and thrift / less praise. The poet writes that while the beloved’s repentance and shame do not rectify the damage done, the beloved’s tears … Sonnet #2 is one of seventeen such poems addressed to the so called 'Fair Youth', the central theme being procreation, the getting of children for beauty's sake, before youth's freshness runs out. It’s a poem about ageing, and about the benefits of having children – continuing the argument begun in the previous sonnet. It shows the poet’s intense desire to devote self wholeheartedly to God, but at the same time it shows the painful struggle that goes on in his mind between this desire and the temptation that sin offers. © 2020 Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. A "thriftless" victim of time, he is symbolized by "winters" rather than by years. The poet attempts to scare the young man into marrying and having children by showing him his future. However this changes after a number of sonnets. Beauty is conceived of as a treasure that decays unless, through love, its natural increase — marrying and having children — is made possible. The speaker addresses the Fair Youth, informing him that in short order he’s going to lose his beauty and his face is going to look like a ploughed field. Shakespeare's Sonnets essays are academic essays for citation. And praise is mentioned twice. Are you sure you want to remove #bookConfirmation# Below is Sonnet 2, and a few words of summary and analysis Shakespeare's Sonnet 2 is the second procreation sonnet. In this sonnet the sun is again overtaken by clouds, but now the sun/beloved is accused of having betrayed the poet by promising what is not delivered. The only thing the young man will have to look back on is his self-absorbed "lusty days," empty because he created nothing — namely, no children. Interestingly, the speaker in the sonnet, because there is no mention of male or female, could be a man speaking to a man for example, or a woman to a woman, or man to woman, or older woman to younger man and vice versa. Sonnet 2 Analysis The sonnets by Shakespeare convince a young, handsome friend of Shakespeare’s to have children to forever keep his beauty alive. Shakespeare borrowed these classic metaphors - 'he ploughs the brow with furrows' and 'furrows which may plough your body' - from the ancient Roman writers Virgil and Ovid. Poetic Techniques in Sonnet 2. In summary, Sonnet 22 sees Shakespeare declaring that as long as the Youth remains young, so does he, the poet, too. When forty winters shall beseige thy brow, And dig deep trenches in thy beauty's field, Thy youth's proud livery, so gazed on now, Will be a tatter'd weed, of small worth held: Then being ask'd where all thy beauty lies, Where all the treasure of thy lusty days, To say, within thine own deep-sunken eyes, Were an all-eating shame and thriftless praise. This was the age of plague, diseases, poverty and violent end, hence the rather urgent pleas for the fair youth to commit to fatherhood, or forever be shamed. This time I'm going to have to admit I haven't the faintest idea what he is getting at." Using figurative language, the metaphor of field and livery, the conceit of warfare, Shakespeare sets the opening scene by suggesting that the subject's good looks won't be worth a tattered weed in forty years time. When the youth is forty years old, he will be nothing but a "tottered weed" (meaning tattered garment), "of small worth held" because he will be alone and childless. The third quatrain answers the rhetorical question posed in the second, rather cheekily putting the words into the mouth of the subject, imagining a scene whereby the subject's future child appears to tie up loose ends and justify him in his old age. However this changes after a number of sonnets. An in-depth analysis of William Shakespeare's second Sonnet Summary. Introduction and Text of Sonnet 2: "When forty winters shall besiege thy brow" In the second marriage sonnet from the Shakespeare 154-sonnet sequence, the speaker continues to implore the young man to take a wife and produce offspring.He cautions the young lad to act before he begins to age and lose his youth, vitality, and beauty. Many times, in Shakespeare, after the first half hour I have almost given up in despair: "This really is it. Sonnet 2: Analysis. From a general summary to chapter summaries to explanations of famous quotes, the SparkNotes Shakespeare’s Sonnets Study Guide has everything you need to ace quizzes, tests, and essays. Sonnet 2 continues the argument and plea from Sonnet 1, this time through the imagery of military, winter, and commerce. Shakespeare’s Sonnet 3: Look In Thy Glass, And Tell The Face Thou Viewest is elegantly written and noted for its simplicity and efficacy. Suggestions Use up and down arrows to review and enter to select. Many believe Shakespeare’s sonnets are addressed to two different people he may have known. Summary. Analysis and Literary Devices of Shakespeare's Sonnet 2 Analysis . It is a procreation sonnet within the Fair Youth sequence. Sonnet #2 does have lines of pure iambic pentameter but Shakespeare varied the feet in several lines ( he used pyrrhic, trochaic and spondaic feet), which alters the rhythms, brings contrast and added interest for the reader. The speaker pleas on behalf of common sense and logic and aims directly for the conscience of the subject - the presumed fair youth - hoping to persuade him to have children and thus preserve his beauty. Shakespeare varied the metric rhythm in certain lines to strengthen meaning and contrast between soft and hard emphasis. Shakespeare makes use of several poetic techniques in Sonnet 2: ‘When forty winters shall besiege thy brow’. Shakespeare stresses that this beauty will not last, and that it is selfish and foolish for him not to prepare for the loss of his beauty and youth. The poet does not call the act of love "increase," as he did in Sonnet 1, but "use," meaning investment, the opposite of "niggarding" from Sonnet 1. SONNET 2. Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans. Agricultural associations in the words - field, tattered weed. Sonnet 2 Analysis The sonnets by Shakespeare convince a young, handsome friend of Shakespeare’s to have children to forever keep his beauty alive. Specifically, this is a siege conceit involving terms like besiege, livery, trenches. The final couplet wraps it all up by implying that beauty will be refreshed in the shape of a child newly made, with warm blood, despite the subject being old and cold. These include, but are not limited to, alliteration and metaphor. Search all of SparkNotes Search. The speaker pleas on behalf of common sense and logic and aims directly for the conscience of the subject - the presumed fair youth - hoping to persuade him to have children and thus preserve his beauty. 12. Again drawing on business imagery, the poet acknowledges that all he seeks is for the young man to have a child, who would immortalize the youth's beauty. His poems are published online and in print. An in-depth analysis of William Shakespeare's second Sonnet The sequence is logical. Shakespeare stresses that this beauty will not last, and that it is selfish and foolish for him not to prepare for the loss of his beauty and youth. Few collections of poems intrigue, challenge, tantalize, and reward us as do Shakespeare’s Sonnets, all written in the English sonnet form. Having children is the only solution and the tone is persuasive and perhaps a little cruel. Forty winters … When forty winters shall besiege thy brow, And dig deep trenches in thy beauty's field, Thy youth's proud livery so gazed on now, Will be a tattered weed of small worth held: “Forty winters” refers to a long time passing. The structure of the sonnet is 4-4-4-2, although there is a change of emphasis and tone after the 8th line which means that the sonnet has a distinguishable octave and sestet. Sonnet 2 maakt deel uit van de sonnetten van Shakespeare die voor de eerste keer in 1609 werden gepubliceerd. Sidney (so far) is not so difficult. bookmarked pages associated with this title. Sonnet 2 Analysis The sonnets by Shakespeare convince a young, handsome friend of Shakespeare’s to have children to forever keep his beauty alive. In Sonnet 2 Shakespeare continues the theme of procreation explaining to man the importance and beauty of his life and how he shouldn’t waste it. Mac.II.3.2-3. They're not. The sonnets by Shakespeare convince a young, handsome friend of. Proving, by his beauty, that he succeeds you as an heir to your beauty. This brings added interest and challenge for the reader. Removing #book# There is a tone of quiet desperation in this sonnet, the speaker imploring the young man or woman to stop delaying, stop being so vain, and think about future prospects for their beauty. (pyrrhic + spondee + 3 iambs), How much / more praise / deserved / thy beau / ty's use, (iamb + spondee + 3 iambs), If thou / couldst ans / wer, "This / fair child / of mine (iamb + spondee + 3 iambs), Proving / his beau / ty by / success / ion thine. Being forty years old in Shakespeare’s time would likely have been considered to be a “good old age”, so when forty winters had passed, you would have been considered old. But if he has a child, then …. Value is related to phrases words such as - small worth held, treasure (which may also have sexual associations), thriftless praise. Summary. There are certain words related to war fare and the battlefield - besiege, deep trenches, livery. the desired result. The first, alliteration, occurs when words are used in succession, or at least appear close together and begin with the same sound. These papers were written primarily by students and provide critical analysis of various sonnets by William Shakespeare. Shakespeare’s Sonnets Sonnet 127. Shakespeare uses old in this sense in Macbeth: If a man were a porter of hell-gate, he should have old turning the key. Sonnet 2 is one of 154 sonnets written by the English playwright and poet William Shakespeare. Introduction and Text of Sonnet 2: "When forty winters shall besiege thy brow" In the second marriage sonnet from the Shakespeare 154-sonnet sequence, the speaker continues to implore the young man to take a wife and produce offspring.He cautions the young lad to act before he begins to age and lose his youth, vitality, and beauty. Note the association between so gazed on now and deep-sunken eyes connecting quatrain to quatrain in extreme contrast. Fourteen lines split into three quatrains and a concluding couplet. Sonnet 2. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of Shakespeare’s Sonnets and what it means. "Proud livery" in line 3, here meaning well-tailored clothing, contrasts to "tottered weed" as the clothes of a nobleman's servant contrast to the rags of a beggar; the phrase also refers to the youth's outward beauty, which time devours. The sonnet's first four lines relate all of these important themes. Sonnet 2 opens with a metaphor that compares the way time wears away a person's face to the way an army attacks a castle. Sonnet 2 modern English explanation. Few collections of poems intrigue, challenge, tantalize, and reward us as do Shakespeare’s Sonnets, all written in the English sonnet form. IV. Synopsis: The poet defends his love of a mistress who does not meet the conventional standard of beauty by claiming that her dark eyes and hair (and, perhaps, dark skin) are the new standard. He'll get wrinkles, his eyes will sink into his head, and his blood will turn cold. This is why many scholars doubt the autobiographical argument for the sonnets. ‘When forty winters shall besiege thy brow’ by William Shakespeare addresses the need to have children as a way of guaranteeing one’s legacy and beauty. It's quite plain to see that the regular, steady iambic pentameter is interspersed with unstressed pyrrhics and double stressed spondees, bringing stark contrast. Sonnet 2 uses metaphor and antithetical elements to argue the case for procreation. Summary of Sonnet 2. 13. Proving his beauty by succession thine! He says that his ‘glass’ (i.e. Time again is the great enemy, besieging the youth's brow, digging trenches — wrinkles — in his face, and ravaging his good looks. The first quatrain has a noticeable sentence structure because the subject isn't introduced until line 3 and the verb delayed until line 4, so building up a powerful effect - from inevitable aging (forty winters) to proud youth. IV. Actors and dramatists could deliver this sonnet with a touch of anger, with a quiet persuasiveness, with grim determination. When forty winters shall besiege thy brow, besiege = lay siege to. Lacking absolute proof, all we have are the sonnets themselves and they are each a glimpse into the heart and mind of a master craftsman taking his art to another level, focusing on beauty, love, time and inevitable change. Shakespeare starts out by trying to scare this young man a little bit, to make him think about what it will be like to be old. Sonnet 2 continues the argument and plea from Sonnet 1, this time through the imagery of military, winter, and commerce. Shakespeare begins his sonnets by introducing four of his most important themes — immortality, time, procreation, and selfishness — which are interrelated in this first sonnet both thematically and through the use of images associated with business or commerce. Shakespeare stresses that this beauty will not last, and that it is selfish and foolish for him not to prepare for the loss of his beauty and youth. 2. Below is Sonnet 2, and a few words of summary and analysis Shakespeare's Sonnet 2 is the second procreation sonnet. These papers were written primarily by students and provide critical analysis of various sonnets by William Shakespeare. (2 iambs+ trochee+ 2 iambs). CliffsNotes study guides are written by real teachers and professors, so no matter what you're studying, CliffsNotes can ease your homework headaches and help you score high on exams. For example, the first quatrain starts off in conventional manner, with iambic feet, da-DUM da-DUM the beat, but soon changes: When for / ty win / ters shall / besiege / thy brow (2 iambs + pyrrhic + 2 iambs), And dig / deep tren / ches in / thy beau / ty's field, (iamb + spondee + pyrrhic + 2 iambs), Thy youth's / proud liv / ery, / so gazed / on now, (iamb + spondee + pyrrhic + 2 iambs), Will be / a tott / ered weed / of small / worth held. Note that this sonnet does not mention the gender of the addressee, although it is accepted among critics that it is meant for the ears and eyes of the fair youth.