P-47s served as spotters for rescue aircraft such as the OA-10 Catalina and Boeing B-17H. Unlike their Western counterparts, the VVS made little use of the P-47 as a ground attack aircraft, depending instead on their own widely produced—with 36,183 examples built during the war—special-purpose, armored ground-attack aircraft, the Ilyushin Il-2. From March 1945 to the end of the war in the Pacific—as Mexico had declared war on the Axis on May 22, 1942—the Mexican Escuadrón Aéreo de Pelea 201 (201st Fighter Squadron) operated P-47Ds as part of the U.S. 5th Air Force in the Philippines. [35], The P-47 first saw action with the 4th Fighter Group. The Thunderbolt was given German markings. The Chinese Communists captured five P-47Ds from the Chinese Nationalist forces. The Republic P-47 Thunderbolt was the largest, heaviest, and most expensive fighter aircraft in history to be powered by a single piston engine.. In 2015, it was named the state aircraft of Indiana due to its Evansville roots. P-47 Thunderbolt in action. A present-day U.S. ground-attack aircraft, the Fairchild Republic A-10 Thunderbolt II, takes its name from the P-47. The P-47 was designed around the powerful Pratt & Whitney R-2800 Double Wasp 18-cylinder radial engine, which also powered two U.S. Navy/U.S. Allison V-1710-39 Nakajima Ki44-II Hei Hasegawa The Air Corps ordered a prototype in September as the XP-47B. [76] The film Fighter Squadron (1948) depicts a P-47 Thunderbolt unit.[77]. A Republic P-47 Thunderbolt (magyarul Villámcsapás) amerikai vadászrepülőgép volt a második világháború során. I combattimenti in … The U.S. sent 203 P-47Ds to the Soviet Union. [24] The P-47 continued serving with the U.S. Army Air Forces through 1947, the USAAF Strategic Air Command from 1946 through 1947, the active duty United States Air Force until 1949, and with the Air National Guard until 1953, receiving the designation F-47 in 1948. The Republic P-47 Thunderbolt is a World War II-era fighter aircraft produced by the All results related to republic p-47 thunderbolt 1:32* found on 80 scale modeling websites and the scalemates kit database. The first tasks of the Thunderbolt were high-altitude escort duties and fighter sweeps in which the new aircraft acquitted itself well, despite the inexperience of its pilots. One of the deadliest ground-attack platforms of World War II, the P-47 Thunderbolt saw extensive action in the European, Pacific and China-Burma-India theaters of operation. The XP-47B was of all-metal construction (except for the fabric-covered tail control surfaces) with elliptical wings, with a straight leading edge that was slightly swept back. The initial version of this article was based on a public domain article from Greg Goebel's Vectorsite. All P-47s were refitted with British radios, and missions resumed 8 April. Many RC P-47 Thunderbolt versions are described, along with a brief history of the full size Republic P-47 and links to the best WW2 warbirds sites, featuring the P-47. Before the war was over, a total of 15,579 Thunderbolts were built, about two-thirds of which reached operational squadrons overseas. In total 15,636 were built between 1941 and 1945. We were soon to re-equip with the very latest American fighter, the P-47 Thunderbolt. Nicknamed 'The Jug', it destroyed 160,000 enemy vehicles, 11,874 enemy aircraft, and 9,000 trains. France, the United Kingdom, the Soviet Union, Mexico and Brazil also operated the P-47. On August 4, 1944, this plane reached a level speed of 504 mph. [34], Initial response to the P-47 praised its dive speed and high-altitude performance while criticizing its turning performance and rate of climb (particularly at low-to-medium altitudes). T9+FK was the second of two P-47s used by 2/Versuchsverband Ob.d.L. [17] By the end of the war, the 56th FG was the only 8th Air Force unit still flying the P-47, by preference, instead of the P-51. [16] Although the North American P-51 Mustang replaced the P-47 in the long-range escort role in Europe, the Thunderbolt still ended the war with 3,752 air-to-air kills claimed in over 746,000 sorties of all types, at the cost of 3,499 P-47s to all causes in combat. The P-47 Thunderbolt, nicknamed the Jug, served the United States Army Air Forces (USAAF) in World War II with distinction. Mexican and Brazilian squadrons fighting alongside the USAAF also flew the P-47. Spitfires seemed to confirm these feelings—we lost four Thunderbolt pilots in rapid succession, spinning in from low level, while trying to match At first, they viewed their new fighter with misgivings. "P-47 Thunderbolt Part 1: Early development and combat in the ETO". "P-47" redirects here. Spitfires. (The XP-44 Rocket was based on the P-43 Lancer airframe with a radial engine and never made it past the mock-up stage.) Director Lawrence Bond depicted the last months of World War II over Germany as told by four P-47 pilots of the 362nd Fighter Group using original, all color 1945 footage. American aerospace company Republic Aviation from 1941 through 1945. The fastest model was the XP-47J, which did not go into production. Republic P-47 Thunderbolt The Seven Ton Milk Jug • Armament of six .50 caliber machine guns, preferably eight. Republic tried to improve the design, proposing the XP-47A but this failed. A small number of Republic P-43 Lancers were built but Republic had been working on an improved P-44 Rocket with a more powerful engine, as well as on the AP-10 fighter design. See more ideas about p 47 thunderbolt, thunderbolt, wwii aircraft. [10] The armament was eight .50 caliber (12.7 mm) "light-barrel" Browning AN/M2 machine guns, four in each wing. The P-47B entered USAAF service in November 1942, becoming officially operational with the Eighth Air Force stationed in the UK on April 8, 1943. The XP-47A, which had little in common with the new design, was abandoned. Exhaust gases were piped back separately to the turbine and expelled through the turbine exhaust duct in the bottom of the fuselage. Spitfire. Therefore, Kartveli had to design a telescopic landing gear which was nine inches shorter retracted, than when extended. Once the Thunderbolts were cleared for use in 1944, they were used against the Japanese in Burma by 16 RAF squadrons of the South East Asia Command from India. However, they were not well liked, as the Italian pilots were used to much lighter aircraft and found the controls too heavy. Spitfire We would see it coming from behind, and pull up fast and the P-47 couldn't follow and we came around and got on its tail in this way.[41]. The P-47 Thunderbolt was designed by Alexander Kartveli, a man of Georgian descent. Although there were minor problems, such as some cockpit smoke that turned out to be due to an oil drip, the aircraft proved impressive in its early trials. See more ideas about thunderbolt, p 47 thunderbolt, fighter jets. By 1944, the Thunderbolt was in combat with the USAAF in all its operational theaters except Alaska. More than 400,000 of the 16 million Americans who served in WWII perished during the conflict, and 72,766 remain missing . However, the P-51D was available in greater numbers in the USAF and ANG inventories.[25]. YF+U is the Ex-358 FS plane. Beginning in January 1943, Thunderbolt fighters were sent to the joint Army Air Forces – civilian Millville Airport in Millville, New Jersey in order to train civilian and military pilots. colleagues would be able to take evasive action, when attacked by undoing their harnesses and dodging about the fuselages of their huge mounts. Thunderbolts remained in RAF service until October 1946. The cowling admitted cooling air for the engine, left and right oil coolers, and the turbosupercharger intercooler system. The latter was a lightweight aircraft powered by the Allison V-1710 liquid-cooled V-12 engine and armed with two .50 in (12.7 mm) M2 Browning machine guns mounted in the nose and four .30 in (7.62 mm) M1919 Browning machine guns mounted in the wings. The type was provided to many Latin American air forces some of which operated it into the 1960s. He said he had a surprise for us. In the end our headquarters issued an order banning mock dog fighting in Thunderbolts below 8,000 feet. [33], After World War II, the Chinese Nationalist Air Force received 102 P-47Ds used during the Chinese Civil War. P-47 pilots frequently carried two 500 lb (230 kg) bombs, using skip bombing techniques for difficult targets (skipping bombs into railroad tunnels to destroy hidden enemy trains was a favorite tactic). The principle behind a supercharger is that the exhaust gas is directed to a turbine that has a shared axle with a centrifugal impeller. Colonel J.L. Teljesen feltöltve nehezebb volt, mint a német Do 17 bombázó, így a legnehezebb egymotoros vadászgép volt a háború során. brugt som eskorte for de amerikanske bombefly under deres togter over Tyskland, men også til angreb mod jordmål. In 1950, P-47 Thunderbolts were used to suppress the declaration of independence in Puerto Rico by nationalists during the Jayuya Uprising. Republic P-47 Thunderbolt (lempiniminä ”T-bolt”, ”Jug” ’ruukku, tonkka’ tai ”Juggernaut”) oli yhdysvaltalainen, toisen maailmansodan aikainen yksimoottorinen ja -paikkainen hävittäjälentokone.Venäläis-amerikkalaisten Alexander de Severskyn ja Alexander Kartvelin suunnittelema yksinkertainen ja vahvarakenteinen kone saattoi saavuttaa syöksyissä lähes … The engine exhaust gases were routed into a pair of wastegate-equipped pipes that ran along each side of the cockpit to drive the turbosupercharger turbine at the bottom of the fuselage, about halfway between cockpit and tail. "Thunderbolt's Own Back Yard!" The Republic P-47 Thunderbolt, or "Jug" as it was known, was one of the main US Army Air Force (USAAF) fighters of World War II.The P-47 was a big, rugged, overbuilt aircraft that was effective in air combat but proved particularly useful as a fighter-bomber. For other uses, see, Fairchild Republic was the most recent incarnation of the original. The P-47's initial success in combat was primarily due to tactics, using rolls (the P-47 had an excellent roll rate) and energy-saving dive and zoom climbs from high altitude to outmaneuver German fighters. The P-47D was the major production version of which 12,602 were produced. Any plane that attempted to break off contact by going into a dive would soon be overcome by the remarkable speed of the P-47. P-47D Thunderbolt "Hairless Joe" Camo 1500mm (59") Wingspan - ARF from Nexa - NXA1002-001. Later was received the code 7+9 while under evaluation at, 85 units 1st Brazilian Fighter Group, 1944–1954. Ducted air is then fed to the centrifugal impeller and returned via an intercooler to the engine under pressure. Roach was imprisoned at Stalag Luft I. Three P-47D-10-REs were ferried to the Soviet Air Forces (VVS) via Alaska in March 1944. After the first run, they put their P-47Cs into a dive to go to the next level for testing and during the dive, the airplane's speed increased very rapidly. They proved devastating in tandem with Spitfires during the Japanese breakout attempt at the Sittang Bend in the final months of the war. It was able to do everything Kartveli had hoped, and achieved a greater than expected speed of 412 mph (663 kph).5 Numerous problems were encountered during development, such as excessive control loads at high altitude and the canopy could not be opened at altitudes above 30,000 ft. Corrections included: balance panels to reduce rudder loads; blunt nose ailerons; a jettisonable sliding canopy to replace the hinged cockpit door; and all-metal flight controls to replace the fabric covered controls used on the prototype.6 (It was found during testing that the fabric flight controls would balloon out due to changes in atmospheric pressure.) [Note 5] Despite being the sole remaining P-47 group in the 8th Air Force, the 56th FG remained its top-scoring group in aerial victories throughout the war. Its primary armament was eight .50-caliber machine guns, and in the fighter-bomber ground-attack role it could carry five-inch rockets or a bomb load of 2,500 lb (1,100 kg). P-47s were used extensively in aerial clashes over the Taiwan Strait between Nationalist and Communist aircraft. The USAAC issued new requirements which included: • Airspeed of 400 mph at 25,000 feet. The unit claimed 677.5 air victories and 311 ground kills, at the cost of 128 aircraft. [Note 6] With eight .50 in (13 mm) machine guns, the P-47 carried more firepower than other single-engined American fighters. [Note 4] Two Fighter Groups already stationed in England began introducing the Jugs in January 1943: the Spitfire-flying 4th Fighter Group, a unit built around a core of experienced American pilots who had flown in the RAF Eagle Squadrons prior to the US entry in the war; and the 78th Fighter Group, formerly flying P-38 Lightnings. Those squadrons not disbanded outright after the war re-equipped with British-built aircraft such as the Hawker Tempest.[27]. Since the Mustang was more vulnerable to being shot down, (and many were lost to anti-aircraft fire), some former P-47 pilots suggested the more durable Thunderbolt should have been sent to Korea in the Mustang's place. By mid-1943, improved P-47Cs were becoming available with external fuel tanks to increase range and a longer fuselage to improve maneuverability. The 4th Fighter Group's commander hated the P-47, and his prejudices filtered down to the group's pilots; the 4th had the fewest kills of any of the first three P-47 squadrons in Europe.[37]. [11], The XP-47B first flew on 6 May 1941 with Lowry P. Brabham at the controls. The arrival of the new Curtiss paddle blade propeller significantly increased climb rate at lower altitudes and came as a surprise to German pilots who had resorted to steep climbs to evade pursuit by the P-47. Lieutenant Colonel Robert Samuel Johnson collaborated with aviation author Martin Caidin to write his autobiographical story of the 56th Fighter Group, Thunderbolt!, in 1958. It was lost in an accident on 8 August 1942 but before that mishap, the prototype had achieved a level speed of 412 mph (663 km/h) at 25,800 ft (7,900 m) altitude and had demonstrated a climb from sea level to 15,000 ft (4,600 m) in five minutes.[12]. The war was moving on and we had to move with it. The Planes of Fame monthly event for March 2013, "Little Friends - Bomber Escorts", featured the P-47 Thunderbolt. Some fought Castro's rebellion. It was to replace the Seversky P-35 developed earlier by a Russian immigrant named Alexander P. de Seversky. The P-47 Thunderbolt, nicknamed the Jug, served the United States Army Air Forces (USAAF) in World War II with distinction. P47D 460th Fighter squadron Philippines 1944, P47N 437th fighter squadron Iwo Jima 1945, P47D Groupe de chasse III/3 Ardennes 1944, Broadcast radio interviews of several wartime P-47 pilots appear on the CD audiobook USAAF at War 1942–45, including an account by Lieutenant J.K. Dowling of ground support operations around Cherbourg in June 1944, and a group of four pilots from the 362nd Fighter Wing (Ninth Air Force) in conversation at their mess in Rouvres, France on 24 December 1944 during the Battle of the Bulge.[73]. He was shot down and killed over Wewak in March 1944. All rights reserved. The P-47 Thunderbolt, nicknamed the Jug, served the United States Army Air Corps (USAAF) in World War II, and 15,636 were built between 1941 and 1945. From D-Day until VE day, Thunderbolt pilots claimed to have destroyed 86,000 railroad cars, 9,000 locomotives, 6,000 armored fighting vehicles, and 68,000 trucks. Two of them were tested in April–May 1944. [32], The Luftwaffe operated at least one captured P-47. P-47 Pilot's Flight Operation Instructions, April 10, 1942. Nevertheless, the stability, payload and high speed were appreciated. fighter pilots banteringly suggested that their American Even now, thirty years after I flew them on operations, the mere sound or sight of a Spitfire brings me a deep feeling of nostalgia and many pleasant memories. In the Pacific, Colonel Neel E. Kearby of the Fifth Air Force claimed 22 Japanese aircraft and was awarded the Medal of Honor for an action in which he downed six enemy fighters on a single mission. In mid-1944, 200 P-47D-22-REs and P-47D-27-REs were ferried to the USSR via Iraq and Iran. U.S. Air Force photo “It was a beautiful specimen of the great Thunderbolt fighter , almost factory-fresh in the Pacific sunshine, resplendent with an all-yellow tail assembly including fin and elevators, and a yellow ring around its engine cowling. To reduce the size and weight of the undercarriage struts and so that wing-mounted machine guns could be fitted, each strut was fitted with a mechanism by which it telescoped out 9 in (23 cm) while they extended. The Jug … As the P-47 Thunderbolt worked up to operational status, it gained a nickname: the "Jug" (because its profile was similar to that of a common milk jug of the time). All eight guns gave the fighter a combined rate of fire of approximately 100 rounds per second. By mid-1943, the Jug was also in service with the 12th Air Force in Italy[15] and against the Japanese in the Pacific, with the 348th Fighter Group flying missions out of Port Moresby, New Guinea. At the time of the Thunderbolt's European debut, radial-engined single-seat fighters were a rarity, the only other such fighter operational in Europe being the The P-47 gradually became the USAAF's primary fighter-bomber, by late 1943, early versions of the P-47D carrying 500 lb (230 kg) bombs underneath their bellies, mid production versions of the P-47D could carry 1,000 lb (450 kg) bombs and M8 4.5 in (115 mm) rockets under their wings or from the last version of the P-47D in 1944, 5 in (130 mm) High velocity aircraft rockets (HVARs, also known as "Holy Moses"). In a ground attack role, the armor-piercing (AP), armor-piercing incendiary (API), and armor-piercing incendiary tracer (APIT) ammunition proved useful in penetrating thin-skinned and lightly armored German vehicles and exploding their fuel tanks, as well as occasionally damaging some types of enemy armored fighting vehicles (AFVs).[44]. To illustrate the rapidity of the increase in airspeed of the P-47 in a high speed dive, an event occurred during testing on November 13, 1942 by Lieutenant Harold Comstock and Roger Dyar of the 63rd Fighter Group who were performing a test level run at 30,000 feet at over 400 mph. [47] Late in the war, the P-47 was retrofitted with more powerful 5 in (130 mm) HVAR rockets. The P-47 was one of the main United States Army Air Forces (USAAF) fighters of World War II, and also served with other Allied air forces, including those of France, the United Kingdom, and the Soviet Union. With the end of World War II, orders for 5,934 were cancelled. Il Republic P-47 Thunderbolt, soprannominato "Jug", fu un cacciabombardiere statunitense impiegato durante la seconda guerra mondiale.. Con oltre sette tonnellate di peso e per le notevoli dimensioni, fu il monomotore monoposto più grande e pesante mai costruito prima e durante il conflitto, caratteristica poco apprezzata dai piloti. The air-conditioned cockpit was roomy and the pilot's seat was comfortable—"like a lounge chair", as one pilot later put it. • Armor plating to protect the pilot. [31] In mid-1943, the Soviet high command showed an interest in the P-47B. The Thunderbolt was effective as a short-to medium-range escort fighter in high-altitude air-to-air combat and ground attack in both the European and Pacific theaters. Although this propeller was an admirable solution to the power gearing of the engine, the problem remained of providing sufficient ground clearance for its 12-foot (3.66 m) diameter. [18] Lieutenant Colonel Francis S. Gabreski scored 28 victories,[19] Captain Robert S. Johnson scored 27 (with one unconfirmed probable kill leading to some giving his tally as 28),[20] and 56th FG Commanding Officer Colonel Hubert Zemke scored 17.75 kills. France, the United Kingdom, Soviet Union, Mexico and Brazil also operated the P-47.